Garrett Augustus Morgan

Garrett Augustus Morgan

Garrett Morgan can be considered a man who saw things that needed to be fixed and devised, and invented a way to make them better, whether it was for health, safety or beauty. In 1909, Morgan opened a tailoring shop, selling coats, suits and dresses. While working in this shop he noticed that the needle of a sewing machine moved so fast that its friction often scorched the thread of the woolen materials. He thus set out to develop a lubricant of sorts to reduce the friction of the needle. When his wife called him to dinner, he wiped the liquid from his hands onto a a piece of pony-fur cloth. When he returned to his workshop, he saw that the fibers on the cloth were standing straight up. He theorized that the fluid had actually straightened the fibers. In order to confirm his theory, he decided to apply some of the fluid to the hair of a neighbor’s dog, an Airedale. The fluid straightened the dog’s hair so well, the neighbor did not recognize his own pet. Morgan then decided try the fluid on himself, to small portions of his hair at first, and then to his entire head. He was successful and had invented the first human-hair straightener. He marketed the product under the name the G. A. Morgan Hair Refining Cream and sold by his G. A. Morgan Refining Company, which became a very successful business. Garrett Morgan did not stop with his G.A. Refining Company. In 1912 he invented the first ever Safety Hood which today we call the Gas Mask.   In 1923, Mr....
Lewis Latimer

Lewis Latimer

Lewis H. Latimer was born in Chelsea, Massachusetts in 1848. He first worked as an assistant to Alexander Graham Bell. Later, Latimer became a member of Thomas Edison’s elite research team, “Edison’s Pioneers.” As one of “Edison’s Pioneers”, Latimer, created a light bulb with a filament made of the much more durable carbon. This was a major improvement on the light bulb Thomas Edison created that had a paper filament which burned out quickly. Latimer sold the patent for the “Incandescent Electric Light Bulb with Carbon Filament” to the United States Electric Company in 1881. He continued on to publish his first book related to electrical lighting entitled, Incandescent Electric Lighting (1890). Additionally Lewis Latimer is less kown for his love of peotry and writing poetry. Below is perhaps his most famous poem Ebon Venus that he wrote for his wife for their wedding day. This poem was later included in his first book of poetry entitled “Poems of Love and Life”. Ebon Venus Let others boast of maidens fair, Of eyes of blue and golden hair; My heart like needles ever true Turns to the maid of ebon hue. I love her form of matchless grace, The dark brown beauty of her face, Her lips that speak of love’s delight, Her eyes that gleam as stars at night. O’er marble Venus let them rage, Who sets the fashions of the age; Each to his taste, but as for me, My Venus shall be ebony. -Lewis Latimer From his book of...

Leonidas Berry the Inventor of the Gastroscope

Leonidas Harris Berry (20 July 1902 – 4 December 1995) was an American and pioneer in gastroscopy and endoscopy ]He served as the president of the National Medical Association from 1965 to 1966. He invented the Eder-Berry biopsy gastroscope in 1955. His invention made it easier for doctors to collect tissue from the inside of the stomach without surgery. Five years after inventing his gastroscope, Dr. Berry studied the stomachs of alcoholics. He discovered that it was the liver, and not the stomach, that became diseased because of too much alcohol. This changed the diagnosis and treatment of alcoholism forever. Berry was born in Woodsdale, Person County, North Carolina. After graduating from Wilberforce University in 1924, Berry moved to Chicago where he received a second B.S. degree from the University of Chicago, followed by a M.D. degree from the Rush Medical College of the University. In 1933, he also received a M.S. degree in Pathology from theUniversity of Illinois Medical School.After receiving his medical degree, Berry worked briefly at the Freedman’s Hospital in Washington, D.C. And then at Cook County Hospital in Chicago, Illinois where he specialized in gastroenterology and retired in 1975 as chief of endoscopy and senior attending physician.[1] Berry has lived in Chicago since his return in 1931, working at the Michael Reese Hospital, Provident Hospital, and the University of Illinois Medical School.In addition to his long and distinguished medical career, Berry has been active in teaching, writing, and community public service. The latter has included work in civil rights, on the racial problems of public health, and with the African Methodist Episcopal Church. He was...
James Edward Maceo West

James Edward Maceo West

When you are speaking on your mobile phone it is due to the work of this man. James Edward Maceo West (born February 10, 1931 in Prince Edward County, Virginia) is an American inventor and acoustician. Along with Gerhard Sessler, West developed the foil electret microphone in 1962. Nearly 90 percent of the more than two billion microphones produced annually are based on the principles of the foil-electret and are used in everyday items such as telephones, camcorders, and audio recording devices among others. West received a BS in Physics from Temple University in 1957. He holds  over 250 foreign and U.S. patents for the production and design of microphones and techniques for creating polymer foil electrets. In 2001, West retired from Lucent Technologies after a distinguished 40-year career at Bell Laboratories where he received the organization’s highest honor, being named a Bell Laboratories Fellow. West then joined the faculty of the Whiting School at Johns Hopkins University where he is currently a research professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.In addition to his many contributions to acoustical science, throughout his career West has been a fervent advocate for greater diversity in the fields of science and technology. While at Bell Laboratories, West co-founded the Association of Black Laboratory Employees (ABLE), an organization formed to “address placement and promotional concerns of Black Bell Laboratories employees.” He was also instrumental in the creation and development of both the Corporate Research Fellowship Program (CRFP) for graduate students pursuing terminal degrees in the sciences, as well as the of Technology and Innovation, and in 2010, along with Gerhard M. Sessler,...

John Henrik Clarke

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